Raad van Verzet
- this page is a stub
During World War II (WWII),
Raad van Verzet (English: Resistance Council), commonly abbreviated RV,
RVV or RvV, was one of three 1 important
clandestine resistance organisations in The
Netherlands, founded on 1 May 1943 at the initiative of Jan Thijssen —
head of the Binnenlandse Radiodienst (BR)
– the Internal Radio Service – of another resistance organisation:
the Ordedienst (OD).
The organisation acted as an advisory and service-providing umbrella
organisation for a variety of local resistance organisations
throughout the country
– that kept their autonomy –
advocating a more active kind of resistance than did the OD,
such as sabotage, strikes and armed resistance.
The RVV was officially founded on 1 May, at the house of Henk van Beek
at Stationsstraat 28a in Amersfoort, by Jan Thijssen and
The official seat was Amsterdam, but until late 1943, most of the meetings
were held in Laren, where Thijssen and his wife were in hiding .
Prior to establishing the RVV, Thijssen 2 had created a large network of
clandestine radio stations throughout the country for the OD, which
he more or less regarded as his property.
The purpose of the OD was to activate
itself as soon as the end of the war was imminent, and maintain contact
with the Dutch Government in exile in London. But Thijssen advocated a more
active form of resistance and ran into conflict with the
Chief of Staff of the OD, jhr. Pieter Jacob Six .
After a series of incidents and conflicts with the Chief of Staff of the OD
— Thijssen used radio equipment, crystals and code material from the OD
for his own RVV radio network — the Chief of Staff expelled him from the OD
on 31 December 1943. Thijssen then immediately started to build a new
radio network 3 for the RVV, which – again – he would later regard as
In October 1944, following the liberation of Eindhoven in the south of the
Netherlands, the three major resistance organisations
– OD, RVV and LKP –
were integrated with the newly established
Binnenlandse Strijdkrachten (BS)
– the Internal Armed Forces – placed under control of His Royal Highness
Unwilling to give up control over 'his' radio service, Thijssen ran into
conflict with the BS and was expelled from the RVV on 1 November 1944.
Unfortunately, a week later Thijssen accidentally fell into German hands.
He was interrogated for several months and was finally executed
on 8 March 1945 at Woeste Hoeve, along with 116 other resistance fighters,
less than two months before the end of the war.
The other two being Ordedienst (OD)
and Landelijke Knokploegen (LKP).
Within the OD known by the codename KAREL or LANGE JAN.
There were overlaps. Some radio operators worked for the OD as well.
- Jan Thijssen
- Jan Brouwer
- Johan Doorn
- Andries Graafhuis
- Gerrit Kleinveld
- Dick van der Meer 1
- Willem Santema
- Johan Engel
One moth later replaced by Gerben Wagenaar.
As the radio service of the RVV was established by Jan Thijssen, who
was also the head of the radio service of the OD, it is assumed that
the RVV had divided The Netherlands into the same 19 Regions as the
The borders of the regions mostly follow the borders of the provinces,
but there are several exceptions.
Especially the larger provinces (e.g. Noord-Brabant and Gelderland)
and the densely populated area around Amsterdam were sub-divided into
RVV regions in The Netherlands during WWII
Each region had a number, a name and a 'capital', as listed below.
The Region number was usually prefixed with the letter 'G' for Gewest,
the Dutch word for Region. For example: Groningen would be identified as
G2, Amsterdam as G10 and Eindhoven as G18.
Noord-Holland 1 Alkmaar
Zuid-Holland's-Gravenhage (The Hague)
Oost Noord-Brabant's-Hertogenbosch (Den Bosch)
LimburgVenlo (and Maastricht)
Also known as Noorderkwartier.
The footage below shows resistance figher Pierre Antoine
Coronel operating a
clandestine transmitter for the RVV, at the attic of a house at
Beethovenstraat in Amsterdam (Netherlands) during the war. He was filmed
by the inhabitant F.F.J. Taylor, who was also his assistent. This footage
is unique in that it was actually recorded during the war, rather than
being staged after the war. Pierre Coronel was executed by the Germans
on 25 February 1945, at the age of 30 .
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© Crypto Museum. Created: Friday 01 January 2021. Last changed: Thursday, 25 February 2021 - 07:26 CET.