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Italy
Italian Republic

Italy, officially known as the Italian Republic, is a peninsula in Southern Europe, in the centre of the Mediterranean Sea, that borders with France, Switzerland, Austria and Slovenia. Furthermore it holds the enclaved microstates Vatican City and San Marino, whilst Italy itself has a territorial enclave in Switzerland (Campione) and a maritime enclave in Tunesian waters (Lampedusa) [1].


During World War II (WWII), Italy was a fascist state under Benito Mussolini, that collaborated with Nazi Germany. The Allied invasion of July 1943 led to the fall of Mussolini and the collapse of the fascist regime on 25 July 1945. Nevertheless, the country remained a battlefield for the remainder of the war, as the Germans succeeded in taking control of northern and central Italy. After the war, Italy became a republic on 2 June 1946. It is a founding member of the European Union (EU).

During WWII and the Cold War, Italy used a variety of spy radio sets, some of which are covered on this website. During the Cold War, the Italian Stay-Behind Organisation was known as Gladio.

Italian spy radio sets on this website
RC-2 spy radio set (Italy, 1941)
Other spy radio sets used in Italy
Abwehr base station transmitter S-90/40
Telefunken spy set FS-5000
Known Italian spy radio sets
  • RC-2
  • RN-3
  • RN-5
  • RN-5 Receiver
  • RN-6
  • TXO-OC0
  • TXO-OC3
References
  1. Wikipedia, Italy
    Retrieved November 2021.

  2. Louis Meulstee, Wireless for the Warrior, volume 4
    ISBN 0952063-36-0, September 2004.
Further information
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Crypto Museum. Created: Tuesday 23 November 2021. Last changed: Tuesday, 23 November 2021 - 15:48 CET.
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