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Engineering Research Associates - this page is a stub

Engineering Research Associates, abbreviated ERA, was a pioneering computer firm, founded shortly after WWII, in 1946, by William Norris and Howard Engstrom, based in St. Paul (Minesota, US) [1]. The company became famous for their numerical computers and drum memory systems, and was secretly a major developer and supplier of cryptanalytic equipment to the AFSA/NSA. The company was taken over in 1952 by Remington Rand and merged into their UNIVAC department.

The origins of the company date back to World War II (WWII), at which time a group of engineers worked for the US Navy's code-breaking division, known as the Communications Supplementary Activity - Washington (CSAW).

ERA products on this website
HECATE cryptanalytic machine developed for AFSA/NSA
WARLOCK I and II cryptanalytic machine developed for AFSA/NSA
Known ERA products
  1. Wikipedia, Engineering Research Associates
    Retrieved March 2021.

  2. LeRoy H. Wheatley, Cryptanalytic Machines in NSA
    NSA, 30 May 1953. TOP SECRET CANOE. 1

  3. Colin B. Burke, It Wasn't All Magic: The early Struggle to Automate Cryptanalysis
    1930s - 1960s. NSA, Center for Cryptologic History, 2002. 1,2
  1. Partly declassified by NSA persuant to Executive Order 13526 (24 January 2014 — 16 June 2014).
  2. This document contains many scanning errors and distorted images.

Further information
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Crypto Museum. Last changed: Sunday, 14 March 2021 - 12:58 CET.
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