Militaire Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdienst
- this page is a stub
MIVD — short for Militaire Inlichtingen en Veiligheidsdienst
(Military Intelligence and Security Service) — is the military intelligence
and security service of The Netherlands.
Formerly known as Militaire Inlichtingendienst (MID), the name MIVD was
introduced in 2002. The MIVD is part of the Ministry of Defence.
As such, the Minister of Defence is politically responsible for the MIVD.
- Collecting information on potential and military forces in other countries
- Collecting information on areas where Dutch troops may be stationed
- Investigating problems involving officers of the Dutch Armed Forces
- Collecting information to prevent any harm to the Dutch Armed Forces
- Counter-terrorism and counter-espionage
- Other subjects determined by the Dutch Government
The MIVD works closely together with other intelligence and security
services, both domestic and foreign, in order to improve its intelligence
position. The following cooperations are known.
The Dutch Minister of Defence is politically responsible for
the MIVD. Oversight is provided by two bodies:
Commissie van Toezicht op de Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdiensten
Retrospective oversight committe, also appointed by the Second Chamber
of the States General.
Commissie voor de Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdiensten
Committee for the Intelligence and Security Services, consisting of the leaders
of all political parties represented in the Second Chamber of the States
Until 2009, the Socialist Party (SP) was not (and did not want to be)
part of the CIVD.
The predecessor of all Dutch intelligence services was GS-III – section III
of the General Staff of the Army – which was established in 1913, just before
the outbreak of World War I (WWI). During the interbellum – from 1919 to the
outbreak of World War II (WWII) in 1940 – it was a combined civil and military
intelligence service, operating under the name CI
– Centrale Inlichtingendienst (Central Intelligence Service).
Nevertheless, in literature the CI is often still identified
The work of the CI was terminated by the outbreak of
WWII, at which time the
Dutch Government-in-Exile in London established the CID – Centrale
Inlichtingendienst (Central Intelligence Service), which was renamed
BI – Bureau Inlichtingen (Intelligence Bureau) – in 1942.
For the remainder of the war, the BI worked closely together with the
British Secret Intelligence Service
The diagram below shows the complex history of the Dutch intelligence services,
in which the civil intelligence services are shown in yellow, and their
military counterparts in blue.
In 1942, the Netherlands Forces Intelligence Service (NEFIS) was
established in Australia – in 1948 renamed Centrale Militaire Inlichtingendienst
(CMI) (Central Military Intelligence Service). The CMI was eventually dissolved
in 1950, after the declaration of independence of the Dutch East Indies.
After World War II,
the BI was transformed into the short-lived
BNV — Bureau Nationale Veiligheid (National Security Bureau) — which
became the CVD – Centrale Veiligheidsdienst (Central Security Service)
in 1946. At the same time, a separate foreign intelligence service was
established, which became known as Buitenlandse Inlichtingendienst,
whilst the armed forces (Navy, Army, and Air Force) each
established its own service, known as MARID,
and LUMID respectively.
was renamed BVD – Binnenlandse Veiligheidsdienst (Domestic
Security Service) in 1949, and would keep that name for the next 53 years.
In 1988, the three military intelligence services were merged into the
MID – Militare Inlichtingendienst (Military Intelligence Service),
and in 1994, after internal turmoil, the tasks of the
foreign intelligence service IDB
were taken over by the BVD.
As a result, the BVD
became responsible for domestic and foreign intelligence.
In 2002, after passing the new Intelligence and Security Bill (Wiv), 1
the BVD was renamed
– Algemene Inlichtingen en Veiligheidsdienst (General Intelligence and
Security Service), whilst it military counterpart
was renamed MIVD – Militaire Inlichtingen en Veiligheidsdienst (Military
Intelligence and Security Service). Although AIVD and MIVD have different
responsibilities, they work together in a number of fields – such as in the
Joint Sigint Cyber Unit (JSCU)
– which is now located at the AIVD premises.
In 2015 it was
decided to move both services to a new – common – premises by 2022, but in July
2019 it was announced that this has been postponed to 2029 .
Wiv = Wet op de Inlichtingen- en Veiligheidsdiensten.
(Intelligence and Security Service Law).
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