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Pinwheel machines
Pin-and-lug cipher machines

An special type of rotor-based cipher machines, are the so-called pinwheel machines, in which a complex system of movable pins controls the stepping of each wheel. Most pin-wheel machines are purely mechanical, which means that they do not require electricity for the encryption. In most cases, the number of steps is different for each wheel – usually a relative prime – in order to guarantee a maximum cipher period. Note that some machines belong to more than one class.

Pin-wheel machines on this website
B-21, Hagelin's first cipher machine
B-211, the successor to the B-21
Russian copy of the Hagelin B-221
C-35
C-36
C-37
M-209 (C-38)
BC-39 (motorised version of BC-38 / M-209)
Schlüsselgerät 41 (Hitlermühle)
C-443
C-446-A and C-446(RT)
C-52 and accessories
30-character version of the C-52 with Arabic symbols
C-52, CX-52, BC-52 and accessories
30-character version of the CX-52
TC-52, a hybrid on-line cipher machine
BC-543, the successor to the BC-38
CD-55 pocket cipher machine (less-secure version of the CD-57)
CD-57 pocket cipher machine
STG-61 hand-held cipher machine (CD-57 clone)
H-54 pin-wheel cipher machine (CX-52 clone)
Telekrypto-Gerät 35, developed by Edgar Gretener (Gratag) and Boris Hagelin.
Transvertex HC-9 pin-wheel cipher machine
Further information
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© Crypto Museum. Created: Wednesday 21 February 2018. Last changed: Monday, 15 January 2024 - 15:03 CET.
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