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LT450   Termite
Ruggedized military laptop

The LT-450N is a very small ruggedized personal computer (PC), also known as a rugged laptop, developed and manufactured by EDO MBM Technology 1 in Brighton (UK) [1]. It was designed for military applications, such as secure battlefield communication and fire control. The device has a 6.3 inch LCD screen and has a variety of connections for peripherals. It is also known as TERMITE.
 
At the right hand side of the PC is a small lid that can be removed. It gives access to two PCMCIA expansion slots, allowing a variety of industry standard expansion cards to be used.

The LT450 is fitted with a high-grade 6.1 inch VGA colour TFT LCD screen, that is capable of displaying video in real-time, making it suitable for tactical video systems. It was also available with a 6.3 inch XVGA screen.

The PC is powered by an external PSU or by a battery pack fitted at the left (see image).
  

Power is provided by a 7.2V/5Ah Li-ION battery in a ruggedized rubber enclosure, that can be attached to the left side of the case. It offers approx. 2.5 hours of life (or 5 hours when using power saving software). The LT450 can also be operated from other batteries, such as the military standard BB2800 or standard Clansman batteries, provided a suitable adapter is used [2].

The LT450 can be tailored to the customer's requirements. The rubber key mat can be removed easily, and can be replaced by alternative designs. Communication with peripherals is possible via a connector block or adapter that is fitted at the rear. A range of different adapters was available. The device shown here has connections for power, USB and two serial COM ports (RS232).
 
  1. Since 2007, EDO MBM is owned by ITT Corporation (USA) and has become part of ITT Defense Electronics and Services [1].

Tamper switches
As the LT450 is suitable for secure messaging, it is equipped with tamper switches and manual purge buttons, so that the cryptographic keys can be deleted in the event of an enemy attack. When in use, any cryptopgraphic material (algorithms and keys) are stored in a separate - secure - memory unit, rather than in the PCs own memory.
 
Two special recessed keys are present on the body of the LT450, just in front of the keyboard. Both keys are protected by a plastic flap.

In case of an enemy attack, the user only has to pull away the plastic flaps and press two red buttons (EE1 and EE2) simultaneously. Any cryptopgraphic algorithms and keys will be deleted instantly, even when the PC is switched off.
  

 
The Termite LT450N without battery Close-up of the battery The battery and the LT450 The Termite LT450N with battery The connector block at the rear Revealing the leftmost purge button The two purge buttons in front of the keyboard Pressing the two purge buttons simultaneously

 
History
The LT450 was used by QinetiQ in the improved targed acquisition suite for Forward Air Controllers (FACs). It was sold to the US Department of Defence (DoD) and some other contractors. In 2002, the LT450 was reported to be on trial by the US Special Operations Command for use with the Special Mission Radio System and the Special Operations Tactical Video System. It was also used in the Danish FAC suite.

In August 2002, an improved version of the LT450 (the LT465) was selected as the hand-held computer for the UK Fire Control Application (FCA). Over 600 Termite units were delevered through 2002 and 2003. In 2006, EDO MBM stopped the production of ruggedized computers. Most Termite computers were still in service in 2010 [3].
 
Peripherals
Although the LT450 can be used perfectly well for stand-alone applications, it was often used as part of a complete setup. Many add-ons were available, such as the series of military interfaces, produced by MASS (UK).
 
The MASS series include a Radio Data Modem (RDM-600), an Audio Switching Unit (ASU-800) and a System Control Unit (SCU-700). The image on the right shows all three interfaces with a printer bolted onto the SCU-700.

For secure communication, the Secure Data Transceiver (SDT-500) would also be needed (not shown here). It was a high-grade cipher unit that used the Pritchell-II Crypto Kernel ASIC, a customised chip with built-in high grade efficient algorithms, synchronisation and forward error correction.
  

All units, including the LT450, were connected together by a complex web of military cables, shown in the images below. The most important of these is a complete assembly that was probably used for a complete setup in a vehicle. It is shown in the 3rd image below.
 
Overview of the most common accessories Set of cables for connecting the accessories together Complete cable assembly The Radio Data Modem (RDM) The System Control Unit (SCU) The Audio Switching Unit (ASU) Close-up of the printer The printer's battery

 
SDT 500 - Secure Data Terminal
The Secure Data Terminal (SDT) was the main crypto part of the setup. It allowed computer data and text messages to be sent over the air using a high-grade cipher unit based on the Pritchell-II Crypto Kernel ASIC. The ASIC controls the algorithms, synchronisation and forward error correction. The SDT is not shown here.

A separate CFD-900 key fill gun was needed to transfer crypographic keys to the SDT-500. This fill gun is not shown here. Both the SDT-500 and the CFD-900 are still in production today.
  

 
RDM 600 - Radio Data Modem
For transmission of messages and data over the air, the Radio Data Modem (RDM) was used. It can be used on a standard voice channel of a military HF or VHF radio and supports 3 different protocols.

Data can be transmitted at 75, 150, 300, 600, 1200 or 2400 baud and a special synchronized mode is available for use in combination with the SDT 500.
  

 
SCU 700 - System Control Unit
The System Control Unit (SCU) is the main user interface of the system. It connects to the other modules via a complex web of cables. The front panel contains only four controls that are easily accessible, even when the operator doesn't have time to look at them.
 
The two tumble-switches are the right are self-locking and need to be pulled-out before their state can be changed. The leftmost button should be pressed briefly to acknowledge an incoming message. The brightness adjustment was probably used for a visual display mounted in the operator's helmet.

At the rear are connections for the Hand-held Terminal Unit (HTU), the ASU 800, the printer and the SDT 500. A small thermal printer (see below) is bolted onto the SCU 700.
  

 
ASU 800 - Audio Switching Unit
The Audio Switching Unit (ASU) is at the heart of all audio lines. It has no controls, but has connectors at both sides. It connects to the HF and VHF radios, the modem (RDM 600) and the SCU 700. It is controlled from the SCU.   

 
Printer
Messages from the Termite PC can be sent over radio using the RDM 600 (Radio Data Modem), but they can also be printed on a small rugged thermal printer that is bolted on top of the SCU 700.

The printer has its own Li-ION rechargeable battery and can be driven via infra-red (IrDA) or RS232. The latter is available on a 6-way RJ11 connector.
  

 

 
Cables
To allow the various components of the Termite system to be connected together, an extensive set of customised cables is used. The image on the right shows the complete cable set, consisting of one large assembly and various separate cables.   

 
Set of cables for connecting the accessories together Complete cable assembly

 
References
  1. Wikipedia, EDO Corporation
    Retrieved March 2010.

  2. Sovereign Publications, MBM Rugged Systems 1
    Brief description of the activities of MBM Rugged Systems (UK).
    Retrieved March 2010.

  3. Janes Intelligence and Insight You Can Trust, LT450 hand-held computer 2
    Product description of the LT450. Retrieved March 2010.

  1. Website no longer available (2016). Available via Wayback Machine (25 Feb 2011)
  2. Page no longer available (2016). Still available via WayBack Machine (27 March 2011).

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Crypto Museum. Created: Thursday 18 March 2010. Last changed: Wednesday, 05 October 2016 - 02:53 CET.
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