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NOKIA
Nokia is a Finnish multinational communications company, based in Keilaniemi, Espoo (near Helsinki, Finland). In the past, Nokia was particularly known as the market leader in the mobile phone market, but sold that division to Microsoft in 2014. Nokia is the owner of Nokia Bell Labs.



Nokia equipment on this website
Nokia Partiosanomalaite (PARSA) electronic message unit (EMU)
History
Nokia's history dates back to 1865, when Fredrik Idestam established a groundwood pulp mill in the town of Tampere (Finland), starting the production of paper. Eventually, Nokia was founded as a merger between the Nokia Company (paper), Finnish Rubber Works and Finnish Cable Works in 1867, paving the way for Nokia as a global entity. At one time or another, Nokia was involved in the production of paper, rubber, electricity, car and bicycle tyres, footwear, communication cables, television sets, consumer electronics, personal computers, robotics, capacitors, plastics, aluminium, chemicals, mobile phones and last but not least: military communications equipment.

During the 1990s, Nokia decided to leave the consumer electronics market and concentrate on mobile telecommunications. Parts of the company were sold off, whilst the remaining bit was wound down. By 1998, Nokia had become the market leader in the mobile phone business.

In 2007, shortly after Apple introduced the first iPhone — a device that would permanently change the smartphone market — Nokia teamed up with Siemens to create the Nokia Siemens Network joint venture. In 2011, in an attempt to strengthen its position in the smartphone market, Nokia joined forces with Microsoft. Three years later, in April 2014, Microsoft bought most of Nokia's Devices & Services division. In 2015, Nokia's digital mapping and location services business 'HERE' — established in 2006 — was sold to a car company consortium.

With the money raised by the sale of the forementioned divisions, Nokia was able to acquire Alcatel-Lucent, which included the American research giant formerly known as Bell Telephone Laboratories, or Bell Labs. Nokia currently focusses on innovations in next-generation technology and services [1]. The Nokia brand name returned to the mobile and smartphone market in December 2016, through HMD Global, a company formed by former Nokia staff [2].


References
  1. Nokia, Our history
    Nokia website. Retrieved July 2017.

  2. Wikipedia, Nokia
    Retrieved July 2017.
Further information
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Crypto Museum. Created: Thursday 15 October 2009. Last changed: Monday, 03 July 2017 - 19:31 CET.
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