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GRU   GU
Glavonoye Razvedyvatel'noye Upravlenye

The GU (Russian: ГУ) is the current Russian foreign Military Intelligence Service of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation. It was established in 1992, after the fall of the Soviet Union, and is the successor to the GRU (Russian: ГРУ). Nevertheless it is still commonly known by its old name GRU. Until 2010, the Russian Special Forces were also part of the GU/GRU.

Unlike the other security and intelligence services, such as the FSB, the SVR and the FSO, the GRU does not report directly to the president, but its Director is subordinate to the Russian Military Command, which means he reports to the minister of defence and the Chief of the General Staff of the Armed Forces.

The GRU is arguably Russia's largest foreign intelligence agency. According to unverified statements from GRU defector Stanislav Lunev, the GRU had in 1997 six times as many agents as the SVR, the successor of the KGB's foreign operations directorate PGU KGB (Russian: ПГУ КГБ). In that year, the GRU/GU also commanded approx. 25,000 Spetsnaz Special Forces troops.

In 2010, the GRU was renamed GU (Russian: ГУ) and the Spetsnaz special forces were separated from the organisation.
  

Since then, various governments have tried to re-organise the GRU, but apparently to no avail. It is widely believed that the GRU is behind the capture of Crimea in 2014 and the subsequent Russian intervention is eastern Ukraine. There is also strong evidence to suggest that the GRU was involved in shooting down Malaysia Airlines Flight 17 (MA17) on 17 July 2014, a civil airplane with 283 passengers and 15 crew. in the event, all 298 people aboard lost their lives [3]. Despite strong evidence gathered by the JIT and Belingcat investigators, Russia denies all allegations.

In September 2018, two GRU officers were charged by the UK for attempting to assasinate former GRU officer Sergei Skripal and his daughter in Salisbury (UK). Furthermore, in October 2018, both the Netherlands and the UK announced that in April of that year the Dutch Military Intelligence Service (MIVD) had caught four GRU officers red-handed whilst trying to mount a cyber attack at the OPCW headquarters in The Hague. As the GRU offers were travelling on diplomatic passports, they could not be arrested, but were expelled from the country the next day [1].


References
  1. Wikipedia, Main Intelligence Directorate
    Retrieved October 2018.

  2. GU/GRU website
    Retrieved October 2018.

  3. Wikipedia, Malaysia Airlines Flight 17
    Retrieved October 2018.
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Crypto Museum. Created: Sunday 07 October 2018. Last changed: Sunday, 07 October 2018 - 13:37 CET.
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