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BND
Bundesnachrichtendienst

The Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND) is the current German Federal Intelligence Service. It was established in post-war Germany in 1946 by the US occupation authorities as the Organisation Gehlen (OG). On 1 April 1956, control of the agency was handed over to the German Government and its name was changed to Bundesnachrichtendienst (BND), the Federal Intelligence Service. It is known within the American Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) by its codename CASCOPE.


The task of the BND is to gather foreign intelligence and to act as an early warning system to threats from abroad. It is the only German agency that operates outside the country's borders [1]. In addition, Germany also has a domestic counterpart: the Bundesamt für Verfassings­schutz (BfV) and 16 Landesämter für Verfassungs­schutz (state offices for protection of the constitution). The country also has a military counterintelligence agency: the Militärischer Abschirmdienst (MAD).

 BND website

 
History
The predecessor of the current German Federal Intelligence Service BND, was established shortly after WWII, in 1946, by the US occupation authorities. It was called Organisation Gehlen (OG), after its head former Wehrmacht major Reinhard Gehlen, who had been head of the German Military Intelligence Service Fremde Heere Ost (FHO) during WWII. Being specialised in intelligence gathering in Eastern Block countries, Gehlen recruited many former FHO and Abwehr personnel and their agents. As such, the OG played an important role during the early years of the Cold War.

After much critisism for hiring former Nazis, the US handed over control of the agency to the German Government on 1 April 1956, after which its name was changed to Bundesnachrichten­dienst (BND). Nevertheless, Gehlen stayed on as president of the organisation until his retirement in 1968. The diagram below shows the history of the BND from WWI to the present.



 
A career at the BND
The BND is always recruiting new personnel. If you are interested in a job with the agency, you can visit their website, download the so-called Reversing Challenge, and try to solve it. And if you do manage to solve the challenge, who knows, you may get an offer you can't refuse...

 Reversing Challenge on the BND website

 
References
  1. Wikipedia, Bundesnachrichtendienst
    Retrieved November 2015.

Further information

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Crypto Museum. Created: Thursday 29 September 2016. Last changed: Thursday, 29 September 2016 - 20:05 CET.
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