Nokia is a Finnish multinational communications company, based in Keilaniemi,
Espoo (near Helsinki, Finland).
At present, Nokia is only engaged in developing and producing mobile phones
and is considered to be one of the world's largest manufacturers of these
Nokia's history dates back to 1865, when Fredrik Idestam established a
groundwood pulp mill in the town of Tampere (Finland),
starting the production of paper.
Eventually, Nokia was founded as a merger between the Nokia
Company (paper), Finnish Rubber Works and Finnish Cable Works in 1967,
paving the way for Nokia as a global entity.
At one time or another, Nokia was involved in the production of paper, rubber,
electricity, car and bicycle tyres, footwear, communication cables, television
sets, consumer electronics, personal computers, robotics, capacitors, plastics,
aluminium, chemicals and last but not least: military communications equipment.
During the 1990s, Nokia decided to leave the consumer electronics market
and concentrate on mobile telecommunications. Parts of the company were sold
off, whilst the remaining bit was wound down. Nokia has since become
a major global player in the telecommunications business.