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NOKIA
Nokia is a Finnish multinational communications company, based in Keilaniemi, Espoo (near Helsinki, Finland). Nokia's history dates back to 1865, when it was founded as a merger between the Nokia Company (paper), Finnish Rubber Works and Finnish Cable Works. By 1998, Nokia was the world leader in the mobile phone market, but lost that position after Apple introduced the iPhone in 2007. Nokia has since sold off parts of the company, and has acquired Bell Labs.


During the 1980s, Nokia also produced equipment for military use, such as the PARSA and SANLA electronic messaging units with built-in encryption. Some of these devices are described here.

 More about Nokia


Nokia equipment on this website
Nokia Partiosanomalaite (PARSA) electronic message unit (EMU) Nokia Sanomalaite (SANLA) electronic message unit (EMU)
Further information
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Crypto Museum. Created: Thursday 15 October 2009. Last changed: Tuesday, 04 July 2017 - 20:20 CET.
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